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top coal caving mining method:

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) Mining Technology

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height. It enables an increased recovery for only an incremental ...

Caving mechanisms of loose top-coal in longwall top-coal ...

Oct 01, 2014 · The top-coal caving longwall mining is one of the major mining methods for extracting thick coal seams in China. The top-coal caving mining was estimated to have produced about 0.6 billion metric tons every year, accounts for 18% of underground coal mining in China .The major features of the top-coal caving mining are that a conventional longwall mining with cutting height 2–3 m is

Caving mechanisms of loose top-coal in longwall top-coal ...

The top-coal caving mining method, developed steadily in the past two decades, has become the main method for thick seam coal mining in China. In recent years, the core research areas in the top-coal caving mining are the mechanisms of top-coal caving and the improvement of top-coal recovery ratio.

Top Coal Movement Law of Dynamic Group Caving Method in ...

Jul 07, 2020 · 高达10%返现 · Longwall top coal caving mining (LTCC) is an efficient mining method to extract thick and extra-thick seams. As shown in Fig. 1, the bottom coal is extracted by the shearer and transported out of the panel by the front armored face conveyor (AFC), while the loose top coal that fractured by the mining stress and repeated force of support is drawn from the support

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) Mining Technology

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height. It enables an increased recovery for only an incremental ...

Longwall Top Coal Caving,Top Coal Caving,Top Coal Caving ...

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height. It enables an increased recovery for only an incremental ...

3D numerical modeling of longwall mining with top-coal caving

Feb 01, 2005 · Coal has been produced by means of longwall retreat with the top-coal-caving production method where a 2.8 m high longwall face was operated at the floor of the coal seam . Top-slice coal having a thickness of 5.2 m was caved and produced through windows located at the top

Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China

53 Mining Safety of Longwall Top-coal Caving in China Jian Wu, 1 Yueping Qin, 1 and Minghua Zhai1 1China Univ. of Mining and Technology, 011# Xueyuan Road, Haidian Dist, Beijing 100083, P.R. of China; 2Zhangji Coal Mine, Xuzhou Mining Bureau, Xuzhou 221147, Jiangsu Province, P.R of China ABSTRACT Longwall top-coal caving technology has developed rapidly in China, in recent years.

Longwall Top Coal Caving | Introduction | underground COAL

Longwall Top Coal Caving. Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is a special type of longwall mining applicable to very thick seams (greater than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining

Longwall Top Coal Caving Method - SlideShare

Feb 19, 2014 · LTCC • Longwall Top coal Caving (LTCC) is a method of extraction for underground mining of thick seams. • It uses a longwall set-up and natural forces to aid in the winning of coal. 4. Problems Associated With Thick Seam Extraction • Underground Coal loss. • Heavy cost of supporting working places in productive faces.

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) technology - Yancoal

Yancoal introduced the Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) mining technology to Australia at its Austar mine in 2006. Developed in China, top coal caving uses a modified long wall mining system. LTCC allows the excavation of thick coal seams of 5 to 12 metres at one pass of the longwall machine, generating high productivity and economic returns for ...

Numerical modeling of longwall top coal caving method at ...

The top-coal caving mining method, developed steadily in the past two decades, has become the main method for thick seam coal mining in China. In recent years, the core research areas in the top ...

Key technologies and equipment for a fully mechanized top ...

mining height for top-coal caving method is determined. With the analysis, the movement characteristics of the top coal and above strata are evaluated during top-coal caving operation at the coal face with a large mining height.

Types of Underground Mining Method Comparison

Mar 16, 2017 · Caving Methods of Mining. There are three distinctive methods of working large deposits that involve, in some way, the factor of caving. Slightly different names are in use, but those that are simple as well as descriptive are top slicing, sublevel caving, and block caving.

Optimization of Caving Technology in an Extrathick Seam ...

Aug 04, 2021 · The longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is the main method to extract thick and extrathick coal seams. Figure 1 shows the basic procedure of LTCC. A longwall fully mechanized mining is arranged at the bottom coal seam, where the coal is cut by the shearer, with transporting out of the panel by the front scraper conveyor.

Prediction of top-coal caving and drawing characteristics ...

【Abstract】 Based on the feature of large thickness and poor drawing characteristics in extremely thick coal seam top-coal caving method, combined with numerous practical examples analyses, the primarily six factors influence the drawing characteristics were found out which are mining depth, coal seam strength, joint crack development, parting thickness in top-coal, caving ratios, immediate ...

3D numerical modeling of longwall mining with top-coal caving

Production of thick seams by using top-coal tional single-slice coal mining in many aspects. caving is much simpler in comparison to slice mining and requires less development; consequently, the effi- u0003Corresponding author. Tel.: +90 312 2977 600; fax: +90 312 2992 ciency of production is significantly higher.

OptimizationofCavingTechnologyinanExtrathickSeamwith ...

e optimization of top coal caving technology is an efficient method to improve the recovery ratio in longwall top coal caving (LTCC). In extrathick coal seams, the conventional single-opening sequential caving technology (SOSCT) shows the following problems: low recovery ratio, high rock mixed ratio, and poor drawing balance.

Method of underground mining by pillar extraction (Patent ...

A method of sublevel caving and pillar and top coal extraction for mining thick coal seams includes the advance mining of rooms and crosscuts along the bottom of a seam to a height of about eight feet, and the retreat mining of the top coal from the rooms , crosscuts and portions of the pillars remaining from formation of the rooms and cross-cuts.

Longwall Top Coal Caving,Top Coal Caving,Top Coal Caving ...

Longwall Top Coal Caving (LTCC) is a special designed longwall mining method for very thick seams (thickness is more than 4.5m) where good quality coal is being left because "conventional" longwall equipment has not yet been designed to operate successfully beyond around 5m mining height. It enables an increased recovery for only an incremental ...

Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) mining technologies with ...

The paper discusses advanced top coal caving technologies for thick coal seams and addresses some issues of incomplete coal extraction, which can result in the environmental damage, landscape change, air and water pollution and endogenous fires. The authors put forward a fundamentally new, having no equivalent and ecology-friendly method to difficult-to-cave roof coal - directional hydraulic ...

Filling mining method for fully-mechanized top coal caving ...

Dec 25, 2018 · Provided is a filling mining method for a fully-mechanized top coal caving working face, which relates to the field of mining engineering technologies. The method solves the technical problems of roof control of the fully-mechanized top coal caving working face and a large ground deformation of top coal caving mining. The method includes the following steps: at step A, dividing the fully ...

OptimizationofCavingTechnologyinanExtrathickSeamwith ...

e optimization of top coal caving technology is an efficient method to improve the recovery ratio in longwall top coal caving (LTCC). In extrathick coal seams, the conventional single-opening sequential caving technology (SOSCT) shows the following problems: low recovery ratio, high rock mixed ratio, and poor drawing balance.

A Brief Comparison of Longwall Methods Used at Mining of ...

The Longwall Top Coal Caving Method In Turkey, the LTCC method has been applying for many years. It is based on the 'Soutirage' longwall caving method originally developed in the French coal mining industry. 142 . The 19th International Mining Congress and Fair of Turkey, IMCET2005, İzmir, Turkey, June 09-12, 2005

Numerical Modelling of Longwall Top Coal Caving Method at ...

The mining method relies on the fracturing of the top coal by the front abutment pressure to achieve satisfactory caving into the rear conveyor.This paper develops a yield and caveability ...

Top Coal Caving | Longwall | underground COAL

A brief description of longwall top coal caving (LTCC) is included at the end of the Longwall section of the Fundamentals of Coal Mining module of this web site. Despite the fact that there are numerous coal seams in Australia which are thick enough for LTCC to be used to increase recoveries, potentially at a reduced cost/tonne, there has been ...

Application of Longwall Top Coal Caving in Challenging ...

Abstract-Longwall top coal caving (LTCC) techniques has been employed in favourable geological conditions widely in China since the mid-80s and in Australia recently. With the improvement of highly-powered face equipment and the method itself, in the past 15 years, LTCC was introduced to more challenging geological

Coal mining methodsCoal mining methods

Coal mining methodsCoal mining methods ... Mountain top removal mining (Appalachian coal field, USA) Stripping RatioStripping Ratio = Volume of Material (Volume of Material ... Longgp g()wall top coal caving (LTCC) method for extramethod for extra--thick seamthick seam 3030.

Prediction of top-coal caving and drawing characteristics ...

【Abstract】 Based on the feature of large thickness and poor drawing characteristics in extremely thick coal seam top-coal caving method, combined with numerous practical examples analyses, the primarily six factors influence the drawing characteristics were found out which are mining depth, coal seam strength, joint crack development, parting thickness in top-coal, caving ratios, immediate ...

Coal Zoom | Longwall Top-Coal Caving: A Productive and ...

Dec 04, 2018 · Longwall Top-Coal Caving: A Productive and Efficient Alternative . December 4, 2018 - In the right conditions, longwall mining is one of the safest, most productive and most efficient ways to produce coal. This is owed in part to the high degree of automation employed by modern longwall operations, which keeps shearers and roof supports advancing smoothly and people far from the

Numerical Analysis of Top Coal Recovery Ratio by using ...

This paper discusses numerical modeling of top coal caving mining method and studies the coal recovery ratio by using discrete element method. In the modeling consequences, the total top coal recovery ratio was computed to be 83.9% when the top coal thickness was three times the cutting height with the drawing interval of 0.8m respectively. ...

Thick Coal Seam Mining Methods : Challenges and ...

In this paper, a review of different mining methods in bord and pillar (B&P) pattern with caving as goaf treatment have been presented. Longwalling and its variants like LTCC (Longwall top coal caving), multi-level and multi-section caving, etc. are yet to be established in an R&D demonstrative trial panel and hence not included in this paper.

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